Negotiators.

Negotiators.

We love a good fight, but we try to resolve issues before they become problems.

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Calm in the Storm.

Calm in the Storm.

Get peace of mind knowing an experienced team is on your side.

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White Knight.

White Knight.

Business Litigation - When your business is on the line, let us fight for you.

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Strategic.

Strategic.

Work with an attorney with the wisdom to know what to do next.

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Experienced.

Experienced.

Business Litigation - Are you comfortable in a courtroom?  We are.

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Peace of Mind.

Peace of Mind.

We have successfully closed residential real estate transactions across four decades.

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Freedom.

Freedom.

We've broken free from the big law firm rat race.  Shouldn't you?

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Fearless.

Fearless.

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Business Litigation - We never back down in the face of a challenge.

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Aggressive.

Aggressive.

Business Litigation - When the sharks start circling, get one of your own.

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Worldwide Reach.

Worldwide Reach.

Wade Vose - Candidate for admission to the Roll of Solicitors of England & Wales

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Knowledgable.

Knowledgable.

Real Estate Development - From Due Diligence to Closings, We've Got You Covered.

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Practice Areas

At the heart of the Vose Law Firm is service. After all, you want your attorney to serve you, not serve their self interests.

The experience of the Vose Law Firm is widespread and diverse. From assembling an asset protection plan to fighting against a major international corporation, the Vose Law firm has done it.

Business owners large and small have found Vose Law Firm to be committed to solving their issues quickly and aggressively. Individuals understand the Vose Law Firm has the knowledge to be creative and strategic in finding the best solutions. Governments admire the breadth of experience our attorneys bring to their work.

The Vose Law Firm focuses its efforts in the following areas of practice (Click on the link to learn more):

Find out for yourself how the Vose Law Firm works for you. Fill out the form below and we'll be in contact shortly.

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Real Estate & Development

Who better to handle your complex or simple real estate legal needs than attorneys who have personally development thousands of square feet of commercial space? The Vose Law Firm is such a firm.

Whether you need an aggressive firm to defend your individual property rights to a meticulous firm to ensure the details of your sales contract is accurate, the Vose Law Firm will exceed your expectations.

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Environmental Law

The attorneys of Vose Law Firm have represented public and private clients with regard to environmental matters in conjunction with governmental representation and private real estate practice. The firm was hired by Orange County as its outside counsel for environmental litigation.  In that capacity, the firm represented the county as to numerous environmental lawsuits, including one relating to contamination resulting from a solid waste disposal site, and another relating to ground water contamination due to petroleum contamination.

The firm was counsel to the Green Swamp Land Authority, which representation included extensive dealings with the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, the Department of Community Affairs, and two water management districts. While an Assistant City Attorney for Orlando, Ms. Vose worked on the permitting for the Iron Bridge Road Sewage Treatment Plant and for various drainage and other public works projects.  As the City Attorney for Longwood, the firm represented the City in matters relating to a RCRA site on City property and was responsible for negotiations with the Florida Department of Environmental Regulation, [now the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)], and for matters relating to negotiations with the environmental company hired to evaluate the clean-up of the property.

While City Attorney for Deltona, the attorneys of the Vose Law Firm successfully represented that city in environmental litigation regarding stormwater management issues and a claim for inverse condemnation relating to those issues.  That case was based upon a situation where the City of Deltona adjusted water control facilities to flood vacant land outside the city to protect populated areas in the city during flood conditions.  When the Vose Law Firm was hired to represent Deltona the litigation over the issue had been going on for over six years.  The attorneys of the Vose Law Firm immediately analyzed the issues, recommended and got the City Commission to authorize an offer of judgment, then set the case for trial.  Trial ensued with the city being completely vindicated and the court finding that the City of Deltona was not liable to the property owner.

In private practice, the attorneys of Vose Law Firm have been extensively involved in the permitting of various environmental features to private developments and have also represented numerous property owners in negotiations with the FDEP and in litigation over environmental contamination issues.

Ms. Vose co-authored the book, Environmental Survival Kit for Realty Professionals, a book designed to protect realty professionals from losses due to environmental problems. The Florida Board of Realtors purchased the rights to such publication for purposes of including the publication among its educational materials.

 
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Business Litigation

No one likes to sue or be sued, but in today’s world, litigation is a common way to settle business disputes. You need an attorney who will aggressively fight for your side and uncover the most strategic method to create a successful outcome.

You need the Vose Law Firm.

Over our history, we have represented clients in most types of litigation matters, including the following:
  • partnership disputes
  • business opportunities
  • intellectual property
  • trials
  • franchise
  • commercial
  • breach of contract
  • distribution
  • hotel flag
  • class action

For a complimentary review of any litigation which has been filed against you, please fill out the form below. You have 20 days to respond to any lawsuit.

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Professional Business Entity Planning

Many professional practices, (doctors, dentists, lawyers, accountants, etc.), are set up in ways that maximize creditor access to all the assets and professionals in the entire practice. These all too common and disasterous business designs can be devastating not only to the professionals and their practices, but also their families and loved ones.

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Offshore Entities & Investments

The mention of “offshore trusts” and “offshore investments” can create visions of exotic locales, numbered bank accounts, mysterious meetings, and secret passwords. There might be some small bit of reality in those visions, but there are practical and financially sound reasons that many wealthy Americans use offshore trusts and make offshore investments as a part of a well thought out asset protection/estate plan.

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Litigation Against TIRN (Traders International Returns Network)

TIRN Litigation

The U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Middle District of Florida has recently informed Vose Law Firm LLP that the U.S. Attorney’s Office will attempt to stay any civil action that is filed by victims of TIRN against TIRN or David Merrick.

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Counseling-Centered Estate Planning

After confidential counseling sessions with you, the attorneys of the Vose Law Firm will design, establish, implement, supervise, and maintain your estate plan and your plan’s funding, which allows you to:

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Estate Planning

Thinking about preparing for your future? You need an attorney who approaches some of your most important decisions as a counselor, not just an attorney.

The Vose Law Firm doesn’t just fill out a form. We spend time with you to learn about your desires, your dreams and how you envision your legacy. We listen and then work with you to realize your vision.

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Asset Protection

The attorneys of the Vose Law Firm provide sophisticated asset protection legal services. But exactly what is asset protection? Asset protection has many faces.

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Wealth Preservation

Have you ever wondered how American Royalty, (the Rockefellers, Carnegies, DuPonts, Kennedys, Fords, etc.), managed to pass on their immense wealth from generation to generation while sheltering it from estate tax, creditors and probate? The strategies used by those famous families are available to the selected clients of the Vose Law Firm

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Offshore Trusts

The mention of “offshore trusts” and “offshore investments” can create visions of exotic locales, numbered bank accounts, mysterious meetings, and secret passwords. There might be some small bit of reality in those visions, but there are practical and financially sound reasons that many wealthy Americans use offshore trusts and make offshore investments as a part of a well thought out asset protection/estate plan.

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Family Limited Partnerships

A family limited partnership (FLP) can be one of the most useful and successful asset protection and estate planning tools. There are two huge advantages in using FLPs – they are a nightmare for predators and creditors, and they can reduce tax liability. Your own FLP can reduce the value of your estate for gift tax purposes and estate tax purposes and reduce your income taxes, while allowing you to have full control of the assets, day-to-day operation, managerial administration, distributions, and investments held in the FLP.

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Divorce/Remarriage Protection

We all know of families in which a grieving widow or widower with young children makes a poor choice upon re-marriage. The wealth of the deceased spouse, which should have been used to provide for the children, can be frittered away by a new spouse. That new spouse may even then divorce and walk away with half of what was left of the deceased spouse’s assets.

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Dynasty Trusts

A Dynasty Trust is a complex tool that can effectively eliminate estate taxes, avoid probate, and provide effective asset protection and creditor protection for your heirs, while at the same time allowing investment opportunities and access to income and principal of the trust. Properly created, a Dynasty Trust can also include conditions that limit the likelihood that a wayward heir could jeopardize the passing of wealth on to future generations.

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Charitable Trusts

When you think of charities you probably think of helping the less fortunate members of our society, whether it is the ill, the poor, the disabled, the abandoned, or the victims of a disaster. Of course there are religious charities, charities to aid animals, charities to preserve the environment, and any number of other not for profit organizations, including family foundations, which could be your own family foundation.

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Qualified Personal Residence Trusts

Qualified Personal Residence Trusts (QPRT, pronounced “Q – pert”), can be used to substantially reduce estate taxes, leverage the applicable estate and gift tax exclusion amounts, and preserve control for the trust maker for a specified term of years. In Florida, it even gets better. The trust maker keeps the unlimited constitutional homestead exemption from creditor claims, and the maximum homestead tax exemption for the trust maker’s primary residence.

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Eminent Domain

Representation of governmental entities in eminent domain litigation

The experience of the Vose Law Firm attorneys includes over four decades of varied and complex eminent domain work on behalf of local governments. 

The Vose Law Firm’s eminent domain experience includes the full range of eminent domain practice including:

  • initial pre-litigation advice
  • review and consultations regarding construction plans
  • title review and effect of title issues on takings
  • drafting of resolutions
  • engineering, environmental and storm water permitting
  • pre-litigation offers
  • statutory compliance
  • relocation and tenant assistance
  • compliance with HUD Uniform Relocation Act requirements
  • preparation of all pleadings
  • all aspects of discovery – depositions, requests for production, interrogatories, requests for admissions, etc.
  • offers of judgment
  • oversight of consultants – engineers, appraisers, environmental scientists
  • appraisal review and critiquing
  • numerous contested as well as uncontested Order of Taking hearings
  • settlement negotiations
  • drafting of settlement documents
  • RESPA compliance
  • mediations
  • preparation of witnesses for trials and contested hearings
  • jury trials
  • costs and fees hearings
  • appeals

In addition, the firm has broad experience dealing with issues of:

  • public use
  • incidental private use
  • necessity
  • alternative valuation methods
  • inverse condemnation
  • loss of access
  • business damages
  • damages to personal property
  • proximity damages
  • partial takings
  • severance damages
  • incidental damages
  • land use and zoning
  • loss of parking
  • loss of retention/drainage facilities
  • damages to non-profit entities
  • historically significant properties
  • properties with future planned development activities
  • cost to cure
  • tax implications of takings and proper documentation
  • consolidation of parcels
  • potential for future rezoning
  • engineering, environmental and storm water permitting
  • mitigation of damages by allowing condemnee access to stormwater ponds, entrance roads, etc.
  • claims by public and private utilities
  • statutory restrictions on takings
  • down-zoning
  • allowable costs
  • attorney’s fees

As both an Assistant City Attorney for Orlando and as Special Counsel to the City of Orlando, Becky Vose represented the City of Orlando for over 15 years in eminent domain litigation. During that time, she represented the City as to numerous acquisitions including rights-of-way, pedestrian walkways, sites for public buildings, park lands, land for parking areas and parking garages, easements for sewage transmission lines, sites for public utility facilities, as well as many other public use projects.

As Special Counsel to the City of Orlando, Ms. Vose handled on a contract basis the acquisition of the property for the Gertrude Walk pedestrian walkway through downtown Orlando as well as the City of Orlando Arena property, (Phases II and III). The Gertrude Walk taking resulted in a two week jury trial with a jury verdict very favorable to the City of Orlando. The Arena property eminent domain case resulted in a hard fought, contested, three-day order of taking hearing which was won by the City of Orlando, represented by Ms. Vose. Over the years, Ms. Vose also represented the cities of Deltona, St. Cloud, Winter Garden, Edgewood, Longwood, Eagle Lake, and Windermere, in numerous eminent domain matters. In addition, she has extensive experience as counsel to property owners of condemned land, and has acted as a certified circuit court mediator in over 100 eminent domain mediations.

One of the most important services a city attorney can provide is to act proactively to resolve pending claims, and prevent future claims against a governmental client. There are a myriad of ways to accomplish these dual goals, and the attorneys of the Vose Law Firm are skilled in achieving excellent results for their clients, and in keeping their clients out of unnecessary litigation.

A recent example is the Manji v. City of Deltona case. Approximately two years ago, when Becky Vose became the city attorney of Deltona, (a city with a population of over 85,000), she inherited several lawsuits. One of those cases was the Manji case which was an inverse condemnation action in which there was a claim of damages against the city in excess of $1 Million. The case had been pending for seven years, and four different attorneys had worked on it for the city, but there had been little progress on the case during that time. 

After thoroughly reviewing the case, and talking with the City Manager, Becky Vose recommended noticing the case for trial, and at the same time making an offer of judgment of $50,000. This was approved by the City Commission. The offer of judgment was declined by the plaintiffs and Becky Vose tried the case in a two-day bench trial. The city won the case, and the court found that the city had no liability whatsoever. (To see a copy of the final judgment, in favor of the City of Deltona, click here.) Becky Vose then filed a motion to assess fees and costs against the plaintiffs based on the offer of judgment, and at mediation of that motion, the plaintiffs agreed to pay the City of Deltona $100,000.

Vose Law Firm attorney, Al H. Schwarz represented a county with an extremely active road improvement, land acquisition and condemnation philosophy as an Assistant County Attorney for Eminent Domain in Seminole County. In this role, he successfully represented the County in numerous order of taking hearings, jury trials, depositions, negotiations, mediations, and settlements regarding properties with values exceeding a million dollars. Mr. Schwarz was also named as an interim acquisition coordinator which required his oversight of multiple outside consultants, including engineers and environmental scientists. He was extremely involved in the pre-acquisition phase of right-of-way projects which involved the review of construction plans and meeting with County acquisition staff and engineering teams. Mr. Schwarz has participated in the research and review of property appraisals, land use and zoning issues, real and personal property title concerns, as well as engineering, environmental and storm water permitting issues. In addition to his experience with the County, Mr. Schwarz has represented property owners in property tax valuation negotiations and hearings throughout the United States and has used that knowledge to expertly defend property values in eminent domain valuation disputes.

 
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Local Government Experience

A Record of Performance for Local Governments

The Vose Law Firm and its attorneys have successfully handled all aspects of City Attorney and local government attorney work over the last 41 years while holding the following positions:

1)  City Attorney, Deltona, Florida

2)  City Attorney, Winter Garden, Florida

3)  City Attorney, Edgewood, Florida

4)  City Attorney, St. Cloud, Florida

5)  City Attorney, Eagle Lake, Florida

6)  City Attorney, Longwood, Florida

7)  Town Attorney, Windermere, Florida

8)  Town Attorney, Oakland, Florida

9)  City Attorney, Bunnell, Florida

10)  Assistant City Attorney, Orlando, Florida

11)  General Counsel for Green Swamp Land Authority

12)  General Counsel to the Orange County Charter Review Commission

13)  Attorney for City of Orlando Code Enforcement Board

14)  General Counsel for North Lake County Hospital Board of Trustees

15)  Special Counsel to City of Deltona Charter Review Committee

16)  Counsel to Orange County Fire and Life Safety Code Board of Adjustments and Appeals

17)  Assistant County Attorney, Seminole County, Florida

18) Special Litigation Counsel, Town of Oakland, Florida

19)  Special Counsel to Orange County as to Environmental Claims and Litigation

20)  Special Counsel to Town of Oakland for land development work

21)  Special Counsel to Orange County as to §1983 Civil Rights Litigation

22)  Special Counsel to Orange County as to Code Enforcement Foreclosures

23)  Special Litigation Counsel to Orange County Property Appraiser

24)  Special Conflict Counsel to City of Casselberry

25)  Special Litigation Counsel to City of Orlando as to Eminent Domain matters

26)  Special Conflict Counsel to City of Ocoee

27)  Special Counsel to Orange County Sheriff’s Office

28)  Special Litigation Counsel to Orange County as to constitutional challenges to county ordinances

29)  Counsel to City of Deltona Planning and Zoning Board

30)  City Prosecutor for City of Deltona

31)  City Prosecutor for City of Orlando

32)  City Prosecutor for City of Edgewood

33)  City Prosecutor for City of Winter Garden

34)  Eminent Domain Mediation Services for Florida Department of Transportation

35)  Eminent Domain Mediation Services for the Florida Turnpike Authority

36)  Eminent Domain Mediation Services for Seminole County

37)  Eminent Domain Mediation Services for Hillsborough County

38)  Eminent Domain Mediation Services for Lake County

39)  Eminent Domain Mediation Services for Polk County

40)  Eminent Domain Mediation Services for Osceola County

41)  Eminent Domain Mediation Services for Orange County

Experience in preparation and drafting of ordinances and advising governmental entities on revision of ordinances, codes or charter issues

The Vose Law Firm and its attorneys have comprehensive experience drafting, amending, and litigating a plethora of ordinances, ordinance amendments, (routine and specialized), city policies, and charter amendments on virtually all subjects dealt with by local governmental agencies, as well as advising elected officials and staff of governmental entities, on newly created ordinances, revisions to ordinances, and charter issues. Some of the less common ordinances or policies drafted and/or litigated by members of the Vose Law Firm include:

1)      Plasmapheresis (blood plasma sales)

2)      Short term rentals of residentially zoned property

3)      Historic Preservation

4)      Regulation of back-yard chickens

5)      Internet Cafes/Simulated Gambling

6)      Cat Trap, Neuter and Release

7)      Special Assessment Liens and Procedures

8)      Ethics

9)      Disposal of Excess Municipal Property

10)    Debt Policy

11)    Entertainment and Block Parties

12)    Solicitation on Public Rights of Way

13)    Rental Properties

14)    Pawnbrokers

15)    Half-way Houses

16)    Funerals and Memorial Services

17)    Stormwater Discharge Pollutant Control

18)    Burglar alarms

19)    Florida-Friendly Fertilizer Use on Urban Landscapes

20)    Cemetery

21)    Sexual Offenders and Sexual Predators

22)    Scrub Jay habitat mitigation

23)    Special Assessments – Stormwater Utility, Solid Waste, and Street Lighting

24)    Flood Control

25)    Natural Resources Protection

26)    Construction Industry Board of Appeals

27)    Emergency Services and Fire/Rescue

28)    Adult entertainment and bookstores

29)    Bingo

30)    Tax Increment Financing

31)    Business licenses and revocation

32)    Going out of business sales

33)    Qualifications for election

34)    Arbor ordinance

35)    Film production

36)    Advertising, signs, and billboards

37)    Parks and recreation

38)    Sexual harassment

39)    Alcoholic beverages

40)    Age discrimination

41)    Alarms

42)    Special assessments

43)    Taxis and busses

44)    Cable TV

45)    Light Pollution

46)    Franchises

47)    Parking and Towing of Vehicles

48)    Noise

49)    Lakes

50)    Cell phone towers

Attendance at governmental board meetings or City Commission meetings

The Vose Law Firm and its attorneys have represented governmental entities at hundreds of board and commission meetings. Each of the first sixteen (16) governmental entities listed in Section “A” above consistently held regular public meetings while represented by the firm, at which meetings the firm’s attorneys provided legal opinions and counsel.

In addition, each of the nine (9) municipalities listed above not only had regular City Commission meetings, but also had various city board meetings, (ie. Boards of Adjustment, Planning and Zoning Boards, Code Enforcement Boards, Community Redevelopment Agencies, Parks and Recreation Commissions, Building Licensing Boards, Historic Preservation Boards, Fire Board of Appeals, Civil Service Commissions, Water Boards, Utilities Boards, etc.). The firm’s attorneys frequently attended the various city board meetings and provided legal advice and counsel to the board members and members of city staff. Such attendance was regular as to some boards, and attendance at other board meetings was on an “as requested” basis, usually when it was expected that a legally sensitive issue would be raised at the meeting.

Knowledge of public finance

Due to the firm’s long history of local government representation, the attorneys of the Vose Law Firm have broad knowledge and understanding of public finance. While representing various local government agencies, the attorneys of the Vose Law Firm have provided legal advice and counsel on such matters as budgets and adoption procedures, TRIM compliance, internal audits, impact fees, capital planning and expenditures, cash management and investment, bond issues, reporting requirements, retirement plans, utility billing and collection, lien collection and foreclosure, bidding for purchases and construction, bid evaluation, delay damages for construction services, fees for services, and intergovernmental assistance and grants.

While representing the cities of Deltona, Orlando, Winter Garden, St. Cloud, and Longwood, Ms. Vose was actively involved in the application for and obtaining of Community Development Block Grants for various projects which significantly supplemented those cities’ budgets with federal funds.

The Vose Law Firm has provided legal services to the Cities of Deltona, Winter Garden, Longwood, Edgewood, Eagle Lake and St. Cloud relating to employee pension plans including Florida Statutes, Chapter 175 (firefighter) and Chapter 185 (police) plans.

The attorneys of the Vose Law Firm have represented the cities of Deltona, Orlando, Winter Garden, St. Cloud, Edgewood and Longwood relating to the creation, amendment and administration of impact fee ordinances concerning transportation, public safety, recreation and open space, and drainage, and successfully defended challenges to some of those fees.

The attorneys of the Vose Law Firm have provided counsel and advice to the Cities of Deltona, Orlando, Winter Garden, Longwood, and St. Cloud, relating to both tax free municipal bond issues, and Industrial Development Bond (IDB) issues, and have acted as local bond counsel for the issuance of municipal bonds and IDBs. The firm has also defended municipal bond issues at bond validation proceedings at the Circuit Court and Florida Supreme Court level.

The Vose Law Firm has provided general legal services in the areas of special assessments and special assessment collections and liens for each of the cities represented by the firm. In addition, the firm did major work for the City of Longwood in reviewing and collecting long over-due special assessments, and the firm has represented Orange County as to Code Enforcement Board (CEB) lien foreclosures and settlements for the last 21 years.

The Vose Law Firm has provided legal services to the Cities of Deltona, Winter Garden, Longwood, Edgewood, and St. Cloud relating to Tax Increment Financing Districts. In addition, as general counsel for the North Lake County Hospital Board of Trustees, the firm developed significant experience dealing with the interplay of a municipal tax increment financing district and a special taxing district.

Knowledge and practice in the area of land use, zoning, real property, and community development issues, including growth management and comprehensive plan amendments

The Vose Law Firm and its attorneys have practiced in the field of land use law as part of their representation of the cities of Deltona, Orlando, Longwood, St. Cloud, Winter Garden, Edgewood, Eagle Lake, Windermere, Bunnell, and Oakland, and have represented numerous private clients before local governmental agencies not represented by this firm.

The attorneys of the Vose Law Firm have vast experience writing and interpreting zoning and land use ordinances and dealing with Florida’s Comprehensive Growth Management Act, zoning, redevelopment districts, code enforcement, development agreements, development orders, enterprise zones, Developments of Regional Impact, and the Bert J. Harris, Jr. Private Property Rights Protection Act.

While acting as City Attorney for nine (9) different cities, the Vose Law Firm has represented various boards relating to the areas of land use, zoning, community development issues, impact fees, Developments of Regional Impact, growth management and comprehensive plan amendments, as well as advising board members as to requirements under Florida law relating to quasi-judicial boards.

Members of the firm also have been involved in significant land use litigation on behalf of public clients as well as private clients. The reported case of City of Orlando vs. The School Board of Orange County, 362 So.2d 694 (Fla. 4th DCA 1978), was handled by Ms. Vose and helped establish the appellate law in Florida relating to the effect of municipal zoning on other public uses.

The firm’s attorneys also have extensive expertise in commercial real estate law, and have been actively involved in various governmental clients’ property acquisitions, (through both negotiation and eminent domain), as well as acting as counsel when governmental entities either lease property for their use, or lease out governmentally owned property to private individuals or entities, or to other governmental agencies. The Vose Law Firm writes title insurance through First American Title Insurance Company, and Old Republic National Title Insurance Company.

The Vose Law Firm has also had voluminous experience handling land use and real estate related matters for private clients and entities. For a period of over eleven (11) years, Becky Vose represented BellSouth Telecommunications, Inc., in well over 100 real estate transactions ranging from the purchase of a high-rise office building in south Florida, to numerous lease and sub-lease issues. Another example of this work is the firm’s representation of a group of clients from Belgium who purchased the controlling interest in the Deltona Corporation, which was then listed on the New York Stock Exchange. The Vose Law Firm handled the complete real estate due diligence relating to the over 1,000 parcels of property scattered throughout the State of Florida that were owned by the Deltona Corporation.

Knowledge and practice in the area of Environmental Law

The attorneys of Vose Law Firm have represented public and private clients with regard to environmental matters in conjunction with governmental representation and private real estate practice. The firm was hired by Orange County as its outside counsel for environmental litigation. In that capacity, the firm represented the county as to numerous environmental lawsuits, including one relating to contamination resulting from a solid waste disposal site, and another relating to ground water contamination due to petroleum contamination.

The firm was counsel to the Green Swamp Land Authority, which representation included extensive dealings with the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, the Department of Community Affairs, and two water management districts. While an Assistant City Attorney for Orlando, Ms. Vose worked on the permitting for the Iron Bridge Road Sewage Treatment Plant and for various drainage and other public works projects. As the City Attorney for Longwood, the firm represented the City in matters relating to a RCRA site on City property and was responsible for negotiations with the Florida Department of Environmental Regulation, [now the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP)], and for matters relating to negotiations with the environmental company hired to evaluate the clean up of the property.

In private practice, the attorneys of Vose Law Firm have been extensively involved in the permitting of various environmental features to private developments and have also represented numerous property owners in negotiations with the FDEP and in litigation over environmental contamination issues.
Ms. Vose co-authored the book, Environmental Survival Kit for Realty Professionals, a book designed to protect realty professionals from losses due to environmental problems. The Florida Board of Realtors purchased the rights to such publication for purposes of including the publication among its educational materials.

Knowledge and practice in the area of public works issues, including utilities and utility franchise agreements

The Vose Law Firm has wide-ranging experience rendering legal advice and drafting documents relating to utility taxes and utility franchise agreements. The representation of the cities of Orlando, St. Cloud, Longwood, Winter Garden, Eagle Lake, Windermere, Ocoee and Edgewood included the drafting and reviewing of numerous franchise agreements with various utility companies relating to such matters as cable services, solid waste pick-up, recycling services, electric, water, gas, telephone, and cellular towers.

The firm’s representation of the City of St. Cloud included handling the complex transaction between the Orlando Utilities Commission and the City of St. Cloud as to the voluntary “take over” of the St. Cloud electrical system by the OUC, which resulted in a lowering of electric rates, reduction in outages, and a higher financial return to the City of St. Cloud.

As the City Attorney for Longwood, the firm represented the City in matters relating to a RCRA (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act) site on City property and was responsible for negotiations with the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP), and for matters relating to negotiations with the environmental company hired to evaluate the clean up of the property. Also, while City Attorney for Longwood, the firm drafted ordinances providing for a new city-wide storm drainage system, and the imposition of new special assessment taxes to pay for the improvements.

While an Assistant City Attorney for Orlando, Ms. Vose was the attorney in charge of the approvals and permitting for the Iron Bridge Road Sewage Treatment Plant, and she worked extensively with representatives of the EPA and what is now the FDEP on that project. The approvals and permitting for that plant were particularly problematic because it was geographically located outside the City of Orlando, and was actually located in Seminole County. Lengthy and broad negotiations were needed to reach an inter-local agreement between the City of Orlando and Seminole County before plans could be finalized for the plant. Ms. Vose also represented the City of Orlando in litigation over compliance with state standards issues relating to the Bennett Road Sewage Treatment Plant, including the appeal of the case to the District Court of Appeals.

As City Attorney for each of the cities the firm has represented, the firm provided legal advice and assistance to the public works department, or its city engineer, with obtaining its National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit.

The attorneys of the Vose Law Firm have comprehensive experience representing both public and private clients as to virtually all aspects of construction law, including construction relating to public works projects, bid solicitations, bid protests, construction contracts, construction defects, construction litigation, warranty issues, delay damages, etc.

The attorneys of Vose Law Firm have represented public and private clients with regard to environmental matters in conjunction with governmental representation and private real estate practice. As counsel to the Green Swamp Land Authority, the firm had extensive dealings with the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, the Department of Community Affairs, and both the St. Johns River Water Management District and the South Florida Water Management District.

Representation of entities in litigation

The attorneys of the Vose Law Firm have wide-ranging experience in the representation of local government entities in litigation taking place in Circuit Courts, County Courts, District Courts of Appeal, Florida Supreme Court, U.S. District Court, U.S. Bankruptcy Court, and Federal Appeals Court. The cases handled by the firm run the gamut of eminent domain, requests for injunctive relief, declaratory judgments, claims for monetary damages, environmental claims, §1983 Civil Rights Claims, Code Enforcement Board foreclosures, prosecution of ordinance violations, lien defense, quiet title actions, defense of ordinance cases, inverse condemnation, personal injury, property damage, foreclosure of special assessment liens, zoning litigation, breach of contract claims, statutory actions, intellectual property litigation, and construction litigation.

In addition, the attorneys of the Vose Law Firm have practiced extensively representing local governments in administrative litigation including administrative hearings before the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, the Orlando Civil Services Board, the St. Johns River Water Management District, the South Florida Water Management District, the Department of Community Affairs, the Department of Transportation, the Public Services Commission, and the Environmental Protection Agency.

Orange County has repeatedly hired the attorneys of the Vose Law Firm to represent the county in various complex litigation cases. The firm has defended the county in several lawsuits by property owners over alleged environmental contamination, has defended numerous §1983 Civil Rights lawsuits against the county, and has handled Code Enforcement Board foreclosures, including appeals.

While City Attorney for Deltona, the attorneys of the Vose Law Firm successfully represented that city in an inverse condemnation case based upon a situation where the City of Deltona adjusted water control facilities to flood vacant land outside the city to protect populated areas in the city during flood conditions.  When the Vose Law Firm was hired to represent Deltona the litigation over the issue had been going on for over six years.  The attorneys of the Vose Law Firm immediately analyzed the issues, recommended and got the City Commission to authorize an offer of judgment, then set the case for trial.  Trial ensued with the city being completely vindicated and the court finding that the City of Deltona was not liable to the property owner.  Based upon the offer of judgment, the plaintiffs that had sued the city ultimately paid the city $100,000 to cover the costs and fees involved in the lawsuit.

The Orange County Property Appraiser’s office hired the Vose Law Firm to handle complex intellectual property litigation relating to the alleged illegal use of the software system used by that office to conduct its business. The result of the litigation was quite favorable to the property appraiser’s office.

While City Attorney for Longwood, Ms. Vose represented the city in various litigation, including the defense of a §1983 Civil Rights claim that was tried in U.S. District Court. The plaintiff in that case received a $0 verdict from the jury.

While working for the City of Orlando, Ms. Vose represented the city in a large number of litigation matters including the defense of §1983 Civil Rights claims, a challenge to the City’s election districting determinations, civil service board appeals, defense of claims against police officers acting in the line of duty, defense of several zoning code provisions, inverse condemnation cases, a case to determine the qualification to hold office by a city council candidate, defense of determinations by the Historic Preservation Commission, suit against the Orange County School Board to prevent that entity from violating City of Orlando zoning code provisions, alleged unlawful employment termination cases, bond validations, defense of appeals and requests for certiorari from various board determinations, and a myriad of other municipal law related matters.

The Vose Law Firm’s eminent domain litigation experience includes the full range of eminent domain practice including initial pre-litigation advice and drafting of resolutions, preparation of all pleadings, numerous contested as well as uncontested Order of Taking hearings, settlement negotiations and drafting of settlement documents, mediations, jury trials and appeals. In addition, the firm has broad experience dealing with issues of public use, incidental private use, necessity, inverse condemnation, business damages, severance damages, damages to non-profit entities, historically significant properties, cost to cure, consolidation of parcels and down-zoning issues.

As both an Assistant City Attorney for Orlando and as Special Counsel to the City of Orlando, Ms. Vose represented the City of Orlando for over 15 years in eminent domain litigation. During that time, she represented the City as to numerous acquisitions, including rights-of-way, pedestrian walkways, park lands, land for parking areas, easements for sewage transmission lines, sites for public utility facilities, as well as many other public use projects. As Special Counsel to the City of Orlando, she handled on a contract basis, the acquisition of the property for the Gertrude Walk pedestrian walkway through downtown Orlando, as well as the City of Orlando Arena property (Phases II and III).

The Vose Law Firm’s experience in litigation representing local governments includes significant appellate work, including the following reported appellate cases: City of Orlando v. School Board of Orange County, 362 So.2d 694; Chastain v. Civil Service Board of Orlando, 327 So.2d 230; City of Orlando v. Ashlock, 342 So.2d 1002; and Wilson v. County of Orange, 881 So.2d 625. Three additional reported appellate cases were also handled by members of the Vose Law Firm: Department of Transportation v. Lake Beulah Groves, Ltd., 617 So.2d 1089; Residence Inn by Marriott v. Cecile Resort Ltd., 822 So.2d 548; and Wisconsin Real Estate Investment Trust v. Rouse, 466 So.2d 289.

The Vose Law Firm’s litigation experience also includes hundreds of civil cases handled for private clients. An example of one of those cases is Cecile Resort, Ltd. vs. Residence Inn by Marriott, which was actively litigated by the firm for over 7 years, involved interlocutory appeals to both the Fifth District Court of Appeal (5th DCA) and the Florida Supreme Court, two ancillary cases in California relating to discovery, and a related Bankruptcy proceeding. Becky Vose and Wade Vose tried the case before a jury in Osceola County in a two week trial that ended just before closing arguments with a settlement extremely favorable to the Vose Law Firm’s client.

Experience or practice in advising entities on Florida Sunshine and public records law, and practice and procedures before local government, legislative, and quasi-judicial bodies

The Vose Law Firm and its attorneys have provided advice and counsel to elected, appointed, and staff officials for all the local governmental agencies represented by them including: the cities of Orlando, Longwood, St. Cloud, Edgewood, Winter Garden, Eagle Lake, Windermere, and Oakland, and special districts represented including the Green Swamp Land Authority, and the North Lake County Hospital Board of Trustees.

The firm is available to its clients at any time to provide prompt verbal and/or written opinions and advice regarding all issues of concern to local government officials and staff. In addition, the firm typically offers to provide periodic orientation and workshop presentations to governmental entities it represents covering such topics as:

1.      The “Sunshine Law”

2.      “Public Records Law”

3.      The ethical standards of elected officials

4.      Home Rule

5.      Exercise of police power

6.      Practices and procedures of local governments

7.      Legislative vs. Quasi-judicial matters

8       Voting conflicts and other conflicts

9.      Full and public disclosure of financial interest

10.     Election and campaign finance law

11.     Gifts

12.     Lobbying

13.     Other matters relating to public service as an elected official

14.     Other areas of municipal law

The Vose Law Firm and its attorneys have provided such counsel to all the local governmental agencies represented by them including: the cities of Orlando, Longwood, St. Cloud, Edgewood, Winter Garden, Eagle Lake, Windermere, and Oakland and the special districts represented including the Green Swamp Land Authority, and the North Lake County Hospital Board of Trustees.

Depth of firm and ability to provide comprehensive services

As reflected in the foregoing statements of qualifications, the Vose Law Firm is extremely well qualified and able to provide high quality and comprehensive legal services to a Central Florida city. The Vose Law Firm has four highly competent lawyers, and if required by an unusual circumstance, all four of them are ready, willing and able to devote virtually all of their time to providing municipal legal services.

In addition to having held fourty-two (42) local government positions over the last 41 years, Ms. Vose has taught at numerous continuing legal education seminars and presentations to other attorneys relating to city attorney and other local government matters. In addition, she has made innumerable presentations to local government officials at regular and special meetings, workshops, orientation seminars, and League of Cities meetings.  Wade Vose also has very significant local government representation experience. He has represented Orange County in §1983 Civil Rights litigation, both at the trial court and appellate court levels. He has acted as Special Counsel to the Orange County Sheriff’s Office, and as counsel to the Orange County Fire and Life Safety Code Board of Adjustments and Appeals. He has also acted as Special Litigation Counsel to Orange County in constitutional challenges to county ordinances, and he has been foreclosure counsel to the Orange County Code Enforcement Board.

Both Ms. Vose and the Vose Law Firm are rated A-V, which is the highest rating given by Martindale-Hubbell. Ms. Vose and the Vose Law Firm have also been listed in the Martindale-Hubbell Bar Register of Preeminent Lawyers. 

The attorneys of the Vose Law Firm are active members of both the Orange County Bar Association, the Florida Bar, and the City, County, and Local Government Law Section of the Florida Bar. Becky Vose has received numerous citations for exceptional service by the Orange County Bar Association for her volunteer services as a guardian ad litem, and for providing free legal services to the homeless.  Wade Vose currently serves as Vice-President of the Orlando Lawyer Division of the Federalist Society, in addition to his active participation in the Young Lawyers Section of the Orange County Bar Association.

 
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Local Government Representation

A government entity needs experience from its attorneys handling the complex issues facing them today. The Vose Law Firm has represented nearly 32 different government entities over the past 36 years.

From code enforcement to establishing a complete management authority, the Vose Law firm has worked in nearly every type of government issues, including the following:

  • condemnations
  • environmental litigation
  • civil rights claims defense
  • eminent domain
  • constitutionality of ordinances
  • intellectual property
  • land protection agreements
  • sunshine law
  • TRIM compliance
  • tax increment financing districts
  • bidding issues
  • Florida Administrative Procedures Act proceedings
  • ethics
  • financial disclosures
  • code enforcements
  • municipal representation
 
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